The first thing I think is that lima should be a place to visit because of the history it has: In the so-called City of Kings, there was the Viceroyalty of Peru, it was the seat of the Inquisition and it was a port, so many of the products and people who arrived by sea to South America.
The second thing is that Lima becomes our big sister. Let's think that to get to Chile you had to go through Peru. So in our history, it is also mentioned too many times. So as I also want to know the historical Lima, I already pointed out certain places that I should visit.
Five essentials of Lima's history
- The Plaza Mayor: In all the towns of America there are squares, and I want to visit them. And more the one in Lima: They always show the same place and I don't know it. In addition to the Cathedral, I should know two buildings that are typical of postcards: The Union Club and the Municipal Palace (which of course, since I do not know, I thought they were the same). Both, painted ochre yellow, is the background of the photo in this typical place.
- The Tribunal Museum of the (Holy) Inquisition: As I refuse to put Santa, it is one of the places I should visit where the punishments and tortures were carried out on people prosecuted for criminal crimes or who were against the Catholic faith. Recently I visited Cartagena de Indias and I did not want to go there, but with this one so close I can not help it. They say it is the best-preserved building in the city and keeps the painful history of this process. Note: Oh! Maybe it makes me nervous like I don't know if I'll be able to get in. Especially since I think that the Inquisition is the great-great-grandmother of the tortures of Latin American dictatorships and I feel very sorry.
- Convent of San Francisco: Regardless of whether or not they believe in religions, churches are in themselves in travel a central and "visitable" place because they keep much of the history of a place. Whether it's the architecture that represents the style of the time, as a social gathering place, churches are always there, everywhere you go. The convent of San Francisco is, in addition to yellow (do you like yellow, eh?), one of the most impressive spaces in Latin America if we are talking about religious architecture. They also have catacombs and that reminds me of the time of the first Christians. Hopefully, there are no bats, those if they scare me.
- **The Lord of Miracles: **The forced immigration of thousands of slaves to America, makes the Lord of Miracles achieve notoriety because the one who painted him was a black slave, and venerating him in brotherhoods was one of the activities they were allowed to perform. The Lord of Miracles is an image painted in the Sanctuary of the Nazarene in Lima and is considered the lord of the tremors and patron of those outside Peru. In October in Chile and so many other places in the world he is venerated. The story goes that the believers, to venerate him, gathered on Friday nights, until many people began to arrive practicing not-so-religious activities (I said that a good party was set up there) and the authorities were annoyed and wanted to erase the image and prohibit these meetings. But the people insisted on their veneration so much that they had to give in. Today he is the patron saint of Peru and for any Peruvian, the image and devotion of the Lord of Miracles are super common. And that's why I want to go see the image there for myself.
- La Casona de San Marcos: Also painted yellow, the house of San Marcos is where the University of the same name is. Founded by the Jesuits as a convent, it currently houses much of the university's cultural activity. And that is why I want to coordinate to be able to visit some of the activities that are carried out such as exhibitions, some film exhibitions, sculptures or attend the guided tours they offer. I'm going to find out from their Facebook page where one can be informed of their cultural agenda. Already with these 5 places, I stay at least an important part of the historical Lima that I want to know. What about you? What historical places would you recommend?